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Effects Of Forward & Backward Walking on Gait Parameters of Patients with Chronic Stroke: A Preliminary Trial


  • Faizan Zaffar Kashoo Department of Physical Therapy and Health Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Almajmaah, 11592 Saudi Arabia
  • Mehrunnisha Ahmad College of Nursing, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Mohammad Sidiq Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Sciences Galgotias University, Greater Noida, UP, India.


Gait training; stroke; backward walking; stroke rehabilitation; Physical Therapy Interventions, Innovative Rehabilitation Techniques


Background: Gait training after stroke is of paramount importance for independent living and quality of life. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of forward and backward walking over a firm level and a sandy surface on gait parameters among stroke patients. Methods: A total of 20 subjects randomly assigned to four groups were evaluated on various gait parameters while walking on a firm level surface and on sand. Baseline evaluation of temporal and spatial parameters of gait was conducted through stride analysis and final measurement after 3 weeks of intervention. Results: Backward walking on sand showed a statistically significant improvement in walking velocity, cadence, step/stride length, and gait symmetry among chronic stroke patients. Conclusion: The results of this study support the use of backward walking on sand as a new tool to improve functional walking among stroke patients. Such enhanced improvement can be attributed to the fact that backward walking on sand is more challenging than forward walking.


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How to Cite

Zaffar Kashoo, F., Ahmad, M., & Sidiq, M. . (2024). Effects Of Forward & Backward Walking on Gait Parameters of Patients with Chronic Stroke: A Preliminary Trial. International Journal of Physical Therapy Research &Amp; Practice, 3(5), 253–262. Retrieved from https://inkwellinfinite.com/index.php/ijprp/article/view/34